Widespread and familiar woodland resident and backyard visitor. Downy Woodpecker Dryobates pubescens. This map depicts the seasonally-averaged estimated relative abundance, defined as the expected count on an eBird Traveling Count starting at the optimal time of day with the optimal search duration and distance that maximizes detection of that species in a region. This species and the Downy Woodpecker are remarkably similar in pattern, differing mainly in size and bill shape. Distinctive Markings: Black above and white below with white-spotted black wings and tail. Linda Petersen Linda Petersen Downy Woodpecker. The back of the male’s head has a red patch. Downy Woodpeckers are found throughout the United States with the exception of Hawaii and parts of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, and Alaska. The Downy Woodpecker varies gradually across its range. Length: 6-1/2 inches. Its small size makes it versatile, and it may forage on weed stalks as well as in large trees. Family: Woodpecker. Readily visits feeders, especially suet. The Downy Woodpecker has a large range, estimated globally at 13,000,000 square kilometers. Western woodpeckers tend to have less white in the wings and less black on the outer tail feathers. This bird prefers forest ecosystems that are boreal, temperate, subtropical, or tropical, though it … Nests in cavities. Predictor Importance for Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens) Relative to All Species Boxplots provide a quick visual of the distribution of the variable importance from the random forest models from all 147 species (black boxplot) and how each species fits into the overall distribution (cyan line). Nest: Excavates or reuses a cavity in a dead tree or uses a woodpecker nesting box. The Downy Woodpecker is named for the soft, white, down-like feathers of the stripe on its lower back. Wingspan: 12 inches. Woodpeckers have primitive vocalizations compared to songbirds. Downy Woodpecker (Pacific Northwest) Pic mineur (de l'est) (pacifique) Dryobates pubescens (pubescens,medianus,gairdnerii) Information, images and range maps on over 1,000 birds of North America, including sub-species, vagrants, introduced birds and possibilities Its black-and-white plumage is nearly identical to the smaller Downy Woodpecker, but note longer bill (about the length of the head) and clean white outer tail feathers. Abundance. Range. They often occur together, but the Hairy, a larger bird, requires larger trees; it is usually less common, especially in the east, and less likely to show up in suburbs and city parks. Larger birds are found in the north and at higher elevations, while smaller birds live in the south and at lower elevations. 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